|Food Aid Quality and Formulations  |
Micronutrient Deficiencies in Food Aid Beneficiaries: A Review of Seven African Countries (African Journal of Food Agriculture Nutrition and Development, Vol 9, No 4, 2009) (.PDF 144KB)
Reviews published data on micronutrient deficiencies in food aid beneficiaries and in general populations of seven African countries that received significant quantities of fortified blended food aid products from 2001-2006.
Effect of Preparation Method on Viscosity and Energy Density of Fortified Humanitarian Food-aid Commodities (International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, iFirst Article, 2009) (external website)
As typically prepared in the field, fortified, blended food aid products do not provide the energy density recommended for products used in complementary feeding of children under two.
Effect of End-User Preparation Methods on Vitamin Content of Fortified Humanitarian Food-Aid Commodities (Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, Volume 22, No. 1, 2009) (.PDF 147KB)
An evaluation of how average preparation (cooking) parameters determined from the data collected in the field affects vitamin stability in common fortified food-aid commodities – corn soy blend (CSB), cornmeal (CM), soy-fortified bulgur (SFB), and vegetable oil (VO).
The manner in which food aid commodities are utilized and prepared can affect their nutritional contributions to beneficiaries. Data collected in this field study (32 villages in Uganda, Malawi, and Guatemala) has been used to simulate preparation methods in the laboratory to assess the nutritional impact of cooking. Recorded cooking times for porridges of up to 53 minutes suggest that fuel could be saved and nutritional quality improved if relief agencies emphasized shorter cooking times for better retention of labile vitamins.
A review of evidence on the effects of adding whey or skimmed milk powder to fortified blended foods (FBFs) used for malnourished infants and young children or people living with HIV/AIDS. This review was undertaken as part of SUSTAIN’s Food Aid Quality Enhancement Project (FAQEP) to enhance the quality and improve the nutrient delivery to recipients of US food aid.
A brief summary of SUSTAIN’s “Micronutrient Compliance Review of Fortified PL 480 Commodities.”
SUSTAIN’s report to USAID on manufacturers’ compliance with new micronutrient standards for fortified PL 480 commodities also identifies need for improvements in quality control/assurance systems.
Review of key findings and recommendations from SUSTAIN’s Micronutrient Assessment Project. Also discusses USDA’s newly established Total Quality Systems Audit (TQSA) Program for quality control at the manufacturing level.
Reprinted with permission from Food Aid Management (FAM). The publication originally appeared in Food Forum, the newsletter of FAM (Second Quarter 2000, Issue 52).
Ensuring Adequate Micronutrient Levels in Food Aid (Nutriview, 2000/3) (.PDF 517KB)
A summary of SUSTAIN’s Micronutrient Assessment Project and Vitamin C Pilot Project on micronutrient levels in fortified food aid commodities and recommendations for vitamin A fortification of cereal based commodities and vegetable oil.
SUSTAIN’s assessment of the uniformity and stability of key micronutrients added to PL 480 commodities from the point of manufacture to overseas consumption, with recommendations for enhancing the consistency and quality of fortification.
Summary of a workshop, co-hosted by SUSTAIN on how the micronutrient quality of relief diets can be enhanced at the regional and local levels.
Report on the technical and biological aspects of fortifying vegetable oil with vitamin A with recommendations on form and level of fortification. Requirements for vitamin A fortification of vegetable oil purchased for food aid programs followed.
SUSTAIN’s assessment of the advisability and cost-effectiveness of scaling up vitamin C fortification of food aid commodities. Includes information on the worldwide prevalence of scurvy.
IOM’s “Committee on International Nutrition—Vitamin C in Food Aid Commodities” report on the results of a pilot program conducted by SUSTAIN on the advisability and cost-effectiveness of scaling up vitamin C fortification of food aid commodities. Identifies research needed to more effectively meet needs in emergency feeding situations.